R&D Tax reliefs: R&D expenditure credit (RDEC) scheme: example 2: loss making company in receipt of RDEC)
Application of S104N FA2013
The set off amount is to be applied in discharging the corporation tax liability of the company for the accounting period.
|Other||£ 5m||£ 1 5 m|
|CT Profit (Loss) before credit||(£8m)|
|RDEC amount remaining||£1m|
|no liability to be discharged)|
If the amount remaining after Step 1 is greater than the net value of the set-off amount that amount is to be reduced to the net value of the set-off amount.
Compare the amount remaining after Step 1 with the net value of the credit i.e. after deducting the main rate of potential corporation tax on the credit.
|Amount remaining from Step 1||£1,000,000 (1) with|
|Net RDEC (£1m less 23%)||£ 770,000 (2)|
|c/fwd lesser of (1) and (2) to Step 3||£ 770,000|
The restricted amount is not available as a payable credit now or in future but can discharge later year’s company liability. £230,000 carried forward to following years and brought in at step 1 in preference to a later year’s payable credit.
If the amount remaining after step 2 is greater than the company’s total expenditure on workers for the accounting period (see section 104P)—
c) that amount is to be reduced to the amount of that expenditure (which may be nil),
d) the amount deducted under paragraph (a) from the amount remaining after step 2 is to be treated for the purposes of this section as an amount of R&D expenditure credit to which the company is entitled for its next accounting period.
The company’s total expenditure on workers is based on the R&D workers’ PAYE and NIC (with no restriction for time spent on R&D activity), and R&D group externally provided workers (but restricted to time spent on qualifying R&D activity)
|b/fwd from Step 2||£770,000 (3)|
|PAYE/NIC liability||£400,000 (4)|
If (4) is less than (3) - capped, £400,000 c/fwd to Step 4
£370000 is no longer potentially payable for this period but is carried forward to the following accounting period and added to any expenditure credit for that period and subject again to steps 1 to 7.
The amount remaining after Step 3 is to be applied in discharging any liability of the company to pay corporation tax for any other accounting period.
|b/fwd from Step 3||£400,000|
|Other period CT liability||£200,000|
|Balance c/fwd to Step 5||£200,000|
If the company is a member of a group, it may surrender the whole or any part of the amount remaining after Step 4 to any other member of the group (see section 104R).
|b/fwd from Step 4||£200,000|
|CT liabilities of the group||£ nil|
|Balance c/fwd to Step 6||£200,000|
The amount remaining after Step 5 is to be applied in discharging any other liability of the company to pay a sum to the Commissioners under or by virtue of an enactment or under a contract settlement.
|b/fwd from Step 5||£200,000|
|Any HMRC liability||£ nil|
The amount remaining after step 6 is payable to the company by an officer of Revenue and Customs but subject to S104S i.e. that the company is a going concern.
|Payable to company||£200,000|
|Tax withheld available to set off|
|against next year’s liability (Step 2)||£230,000|
|PAYE capped credit c/fwd (Step 3)||£370,000|
|Company CT liability of other accounting period (Step 4)||£200000|
|Paid to company (Step 7)||£200000|