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HMRC internal manual

Corporate Intangibles Research and Development Manual

HM Revenue & Customs
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Intangible assets: avoidance: tax-driven transactions: outline of provision


Paragraph 111 is aimed at ‘tax avoidance arrangements’. That is to say arrangements which, as their main object, (or one of their main objects), enable a company:

  • to obtain greater deductible debits under Schedule 29 than would otherwise have been due,
  • to reduce the amount of the taxable credits brought into account under Schedule 29.

Until 20 June 2003 paragraph 111 had a more restricted scope - see CIRD48230.

‘Arrangements’ are defined in broad terms to include ‘any scheme, agreement or understanding, whether or not legally enforceable’.

Where tax avoidance arrangements, as defined, are found to exist they are to be disregarded for the purposes of schedule 29.

Points to note

  • ‘Object’ in this context carries essentially the same meaning as ‘purpose’. The purpose of arrangements is the purpose in the minds of the people involved in them. In that sense, the concept is subjective. The purpose cannot simply be equated with the effect of transactions. Equally, however, purpose is not simply determined by the assertion of those involved. All the evidence has to be considered, including the surrounding circumstances including the effect of the transactions. See BIM42100 onwards.
  • Whether tax avoidance (as defined) is a main purpose of a transaction etc is discussed in CIRD48130.