Core computational rules: accounting: change of accounting policy
Where there is a change of accounting policy in drawing up a company’s accounts from one period of account to the next, and both those accounts are drawn up in accordance with GAAP in relation to those periods then the provisions of Chapter 15 will apply.
No taxable credit or allowable debit is to be brought into account under Chapter 15 to the extent that it is brought into account by CTA09/PART8/S723, 725 or 732.
Change in accounting value
When there is a change of accounting policy it is possible that there will be a difference between the accounting values recognised at the end of the earlier period and at the beginning of the later period for certain intangible fixed assets. An example of this would be where, on the first adoption of IAS (see CIRD30020), International Accounting Standard IFRS1 causes an intangible fixed asset that had previously been systematically amortised to be recognised at cost.
Where such a difference arises CTA09/PART8/S872 treats an increase as a taxable credit, and a decrease as an allowable debit, arising at the start of the later accounting period.
The amount of the debit or credit is the difference multiplied by the fraction tax value/accounting value, where both these values are those at the end of the earlier period. CTA09/PART8/S872 (5) caps the amount of any credit to the net amount of previous debits on the asset less previous credits on the asset.
Primacy of other parts of Part 8
CTA09/PART8/S878 contains provisions to ensure that where all or part of the difference is brought into account under other sections of Part 8 that part is not brought into account again. The relevant other paragraphs are Section 723 (gain on revaluation CIRD13050), Section 725 (reversal of accounting loss CIRD13090) and Section 732 (reversal of accounting gain CIRD12560).
Section 872 does not apply to a chargeable intangible asset in respect of which a fixed rate election has been made under CTA09/PART8/S730 (see CIRD12905).
(Prior to FA05, similar legislation was contained in FA02/SCH29/PARA116A. That paragraph was repealed by FA05, and replaced by Part 13A of Schedule 29, which was subsequently rewritten in Chapter 15 of CTA09/PART8.)