Intangible assets within CTA09/PART8: FA02 rule: asset acquired on or after 1 April 2002: asset transfers within TCGA92/S139 or S140A
This provision is concerned with situations where the transferor company of an intangible asset is within the CG rules for corporation tax in respect of a disposal and that disposal is regarded for CG purposes as taking place on no gain/no loss terms.
Normally in these circumstances the asset will also be outside CTA09/PART8 in the hands of the transferee company by virtue of the exclusion of assets acquired from companies that are ‘related parties’ of the transferee. (See CIRD11520 for the exclusion and CIRD45105 onwards for the meaning of ‘related party’).
In some circumstances, however, the CG rules may impose no gain/no loss treatment on the transferor of an intangible asset where the transferee is not a related party for the purposes of CTA09/PART8. This may arise for example where the transfer occurs as part of the transfer of a trade or business within the rules in TCGA92/S139 or S140A. See CG52800 onwards and CG45706 onwards.
Where the parties are not related in these circumstances, and in the absence of a special rule, the asset transferred would be within CTA09/PART8 in the hands of the transferee and carry an acquisition cost based on the ‘fair value’ of the asset in the accounts of the transferee (arrived at by applying FRS102 s19).
This could result in relief under CTA09/PART8 being available on an amount that was not liable to tax in the hands of the transferor.
To avoid this mismatch between the treatment of the transferor and that of the transferee, CTA09/S892 ensures that the asset transferred in these circumstances is excluded from Part 8 whether the transferor and transferee are related parties or not. The practical consequence is that the asset remains within the CG rules in the hands of the transferee, with an acquisition cost equal to the transferor’s disposal value.
CTA09/S892 applies to the transfer of an intangible asset where both of the following apply:
- the asset is an ‘pre-FA 2002 asset’ in the hands of the transferor - see CIRD10140
- the transfer is one to which TCGA92/S139 or S140A applies and therefore for CG purposes the transferor is regarded as disposing of the asset on no gain/no loss terms
In these circumstances the asset is treated as a pre-FA 2002 asset in the hands of the transferee company.
Similar provisions applicable to certain transfers of assets by mutual societies are in Regs 14 and 30 of SI2009/2971.
Circumstances where rule of no application
Neither TCGA92/S139 nor S140A will apply to the transfer of an intangible asset that falls within CTA09/PART8/S818 - 820 (the corresponding provisions in the new intangibles code). That is where the asset is a ‘chargeable intangible asset’ (see CIRD20035) in the hands of the transferor immediately before the transfer and in the hands of the transferee immediately afterwards. See CIRD42000 onwards.