Beta This part of GOV.UK is being rebuilt – find out what beta means

HMRC internal manual

Compliance Handbook

Penalties for Failure to File on Time: Calculating the penalty: Calculation process: Calculating fixed and daily penalties

A person is liable to fixed penalties, and daily penalties for certain taxes, when they fail to file their return by the filing date.

Fixed penalties

A person becomes liable to an initial fixed penalty of £100 when their return is not filed by the filing date for both

  • occasional returns and returns for periods of 6 months or more, see CH62100
  • CIS returns, see CH62340, and
  • returns for periods between 2 and 6 months, see CH62720.

In addition to incurring the initial fixed penalty,

  • a second fixed penalty of £200 is incurred for CIS returns, 2 months after the penalty date, see CH62360, and
  • subsequent fixed penalties of £200, £300 or £400 in respect of returns of between 2 and 6 months for further failures within a penalty period, see CH62720.

Fixed penalties are a fixed amount and are not based on the tax liability of the return.

Daily penalties

For occasional returns and returns for periods of 6 months or more, see CH62120, daily penalties of £10 per day can be charged after 3 months from the penalty date. Although £10 is charged each day, the total of the daily charges make up one penalty. The final daily penalties charge is for the lesser of

  • the number of days from when the daily penalties first start being charged up to and including the date on which the return is filed, and
  • 90 days.