Groups: group income: transfers of assets or liabilities
ICTA88/S209 (4) provides that a benefit derived by a shareholder from a transfer of assets or liabilities:
- by the company of which he or she is a member to the shareholder, or
- by the shareholder to the company of which he or she is a member,
is a distribution.
But ICTA88/S209 (5) relaxes this rule where the shareholder is a company, and certain conditions are met, so that any benefit derived is not a distribution. Where there is a transfer of assets or liabilities which gives rise to a benefit and:
- the shareholder receiving the benefit is a company,
- both the conferring and the receiving companies are resident in the UK,
- the company conferring the benefit is a subsidiary of the company receiving the benefit,
- both companies are subsidiaries of a third company also resident in the UK,
the amount of the benefit is not a distribution under ICTA88/S209 (4).
An amount, which is not a distribution under Section 209 (4), because it meets the conditions in Section 209 (5), is not a distribution under ICTA88/S209 (2)(b) (see CTM15350).
The definition of ‘subsidiary’ for this purpose is in ICTA88/S209 (7), which states that in calculating whether a company has a 51% subsidiary, it shall be treated as not being the owner:
- of any share capital owned directly by a company if a profit on the sale of the shares would be treated as a trading receipt of that company,
- of any share capital it owns indirectly and which is owned directly by a company if a profit on the sale of the shares would be treated as a trading receipt of that company,
- of any share capital which it owns directly or indirectly in a company not resident in the UK.
There is guidance on the chargeable gains aspect of such transactions at CG45120 and atCTM15310 on certain transactions between companies.