Co.purchases own shares: repayment/redemption share capital: general
A company may repay or redeem its share capital. This is not the same procedure as purchasing its own shares. As far as the shareholder is concerned a purchase of own shares represents a sale of those shares to the company. The sum received from the company is the proceeds of that sale. By contrast a repayment or redemption of the share capital is not a sale. It is a disposal but it is a deemed disposal by virtue of TCGA92/S122.
TCGA92/S122 (1) provides `where a person receives or becomes entitled to receive in respect of shares in a company any capital distribution from the company (other than a newholding as defined in section 126) he shall be treated as if he had in consideration of that capital distribution disposed of an interest in the shares’.
A capital distribution is defined in TCGA92/S122 (5)(b) as `any distribution from a company, including a distribution in the course of dissolving or winding up the company, in money or money’s worth except a distribution which in the hands of the recipient constitutes income for the purposes of Income Tax’.
A repayment or redemption of share capital will represent a distribution by the company. The distribution can only be a capital distribution if it does not constitute income for Income Tax or Corporation Tax purposes. The distribution will constitute income for Income Tax or Corporation Tax purposes if it is a distribution as defined in Chapter II Part VI ICTA 1988 and is not within ICTA88/S219.
Therefore, if a company repays or redeems its shares and the payment is treated as an income distribution there is no deemed disposal by the shareholder as the payment cannot be a capital distribution . If any part of the payment is not treated as an income distribution because, for example, it is a return of the original subscribed share capital that may be a capital distribution.