Deferred consideration: shares and securities: later payments cash only
TCGA92/S138A cannot apply unless the right to receive deferred unascertainable consideration can be discharged only by the issue of new shares or debentures. You will see cases where on a share sale deferred unascertainable consideration is to be paid in the form of cash, shares or debentures or any combination of these three. If the deferred unascertainable consideration may possibly be paid in cash, or will only be paid in cash, the tax position is dealt with at CG14950+. The right cannot then be treated as a security by TCGA92/S138A.
You will also see cases where taxpayers are offered the choice that their deferred unascertainable consideration may be paid either in cash, shares or debentures, in circumstances where the taxpayer’s choice becomes one of the terms of the contract. An election is possible in cases where the right to receive deferred unascertainable consideration held by the taxpayer may under the terms of the relevant contract be settled only by the issue of shares or debentures. Those who choose the cash alternative may not elect.
You may also come across cases where a part only of the deferred unascertainable consideration is to be satisfied by the issue of shares or debentures, and a part by cash. TCGA92/S138A can apply to the part that is to be settled by shares or debentures, see the example at CG58061.
Shareholders in company A sell their shares for consideration comprising the right to future payments depending on the results of company A in each of the four years following the sale. Those rights are
Year 1, either cash or shares in company B (at the option of either company B or the vendor shareholders in company A) to the value of the amount by which the profits for year one exceed a stated amount.
Year 2, either shares in or debentures of company B to the value of the amount by which the profits for year 2 exceed a stated amount.
Year 3, cash or shares in or debentures of company B to the value of the amount by which the profits of year 3 exceed a stated amount. The vendor shareholders have to decide in what form they will take the deferred consideration for this year (all cash, all shares or all debentures) before the contract for sale becomes final. Having decided they may not change their mind at a later date.
Year 4, in cash and shares in company B to the value of the amount by which the profits for year 4 exceed a stated amount. One half of the deferred unascertainable amount will be in cash and one half in shares.
All of the other conditions of TCGA92/S138A are met.
Year 1, the existence of the cash alternative means that TCGA92/S138A cannot apply. It does not matter whether the option to satisfy the deferred consideration other than by an issue of shares or debentures is available to the vendor shareholders or the company that granted the right. Or if a particular vendor shareholder in the event actually receives shares. The possibility of receiving the deferred unascertainable consideration in cash, under the terms of the vendor shareholders’ contract with company B, is sufficient to prevent the legislation applying.
Year 2, TCGA92/S138A can apply in respect of the deferred unascertainable consideration. There is no cash alternative.
Year 3, TCGA92/S138A can apply to those vendor shareholders who choose either the share or the debenture option, but not to those who choose the cash option.
Year 4, TCGA92/S138A can apply in respect of the half of the deferred unascertainable consideration to be settled in shares. It cannot apply in respect of the amount to be settled in cash but this does not stop it applying in respect of the part to be settled only in shares.