Plant and Machinery Allowances (PMA): hire purchase: disposal values
A person who has been treated as the owner of an asset by CAA01/S67 (CA23310) is treated as ceasing to own the asset if they cease to be entitled to the benefit of the contract without becoming the owner of the asset. The cessation of ownership happens when the person ceases to be entitled to the benefit of the contract. This means that that person is required to bring a disposal value to account. These are the rules about disposal values:
If the asset has been brought into use for the purposes of the qualifying activity the disposal value is the total of:
- capital sums received as consideration, compensation, damages or insurance for the persons rights under the contract or the asset or the asset, and
- expenditure treated as incurred when the asset was brought into use but not yet incurred.
Mary buys a combine harvester for £70,000 on hire purchase. She pays a deposit of £30,000 and then four annual instalments of £10,000. She brings it into use immediately. After she has paid the deposit and the first instalment she sells the combine harvester to Neil by assigning the contract to him for £35,000. When Mary brought the combine harvester into use she was treated as incurring all four annual instalments of £10,000. When she assigns the contract she has still to incur three annual instalments. Her disposal value is £65,000 = £35,000 received for assigning the contract + £30,000, the three instalments yet to be incurred.
If the asset has not been brought into use the disposal value is any capital sums received as consideration, compensation, damages or insurance for the person’s rights under the contract or the asset or the asset.
If Mary had not brought the combine harvester into use before she assigned the contract to Neil, the disposal value would have been £35,000, the amount she received for assigning the contract.