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HMRC internal manual

Business Leasing Manual

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HM Revenue & Customs
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Lease accounting: finance lease accounting: finance lessees: example 2: back-loaded rental structure

TradCo enters into a lease with BankCo under which it hires an asset (which TradCo itself had identified and had arranged for the bank to buy at cost £50,000). The asset is estimated to have a useful life of 20 years. The terms of the lease are that

  • rent of £1,000 per annum is payable in each year 1-3
  • rent of £31,000 per annum is payable in each year 4-5
  • rent of £50 per annum is payable in each year 6-25
  • in the event that the lessee wishes to terminate the lease then, net of any amounts outstanding on the financing arrangements, the lessee will receive a rebate of rentals equivalent to 97% of net sale proceeds.

The facts are exactly the same as in Example 1 (see BLM15505), except that the ‘profile’ of the rents in the primary lease period is different. And, because the amount borrowed is effectively outstanding for a longer period, this is reflected in larger overall repayments, or rent.

Issues to consider from an accountancy point of view, as with Example 1, are

  • the apportionment of the rentals between ‘interest’ and ‘capital’ elements, see BLM15610 
  • allocating the ‘interest element’ of the rentals over the lease period, see BLM15615 (Rule of 78) and BLM15635 (straight-line method).