Particular trades: commodity transactions
Trade profits or capital gains?
Transactions in commodities may take the following forms:
- actual purchases and sales of a commodity;
- `futures’ contracts where there is frequently no intention of supplying or taking delivery of the commodity on maturity of the contract;
- a combination of (a) and (b) above.
Where a person enters directly into transactions involving the purchase and sale of a commodity, the profit is normally chargeable as profits from `a venture in the nature of trade’ (see CIR v Fraser  24TC498, and Wisdom v Chamberlain  45TC92).
Futures contracts entered into by a company are dealt with under the derivative contracts regime. See CFM50000 onwards.
Profits from transactions in commodity futures on a `recognised futures exchange’ made by non-corporate taxpayers are, unless they are trade profits, treated as chargeable gains (see CG56004).