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HMRC internal manual

Business Income Manual

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HM Revenue & Customs
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Specific deductions: employee benefit trusts: general-purpose EBTs: timing of deductions for contributions: payments ‘out of’ contributions

S42 Income Tax (Trading and Other Income) Act 2005, S1294 Corporation Tax Act 2009

Whether qualifying benefits provided during a particular period were paid ‘out of’ an employer’s contribution (which would otherwise be deductible in computing the employer’s taxable profits for the period) is relevant in deciding to what extent the deduction is disallowed for a period and allowed for a later period.

Whether qualifying expenses paid by the EBT trustees during a particular period were paid ‘out of’ an employer’s contribution (which would otherwise be deductible in computing the employer’s taxable profits for the period) is only relevant in deciding to what extent the deduction is disallowed for a period.

Payments ’out of’ contributions

It is not necessary to track the trustees’ precise use of each employee benefit contribution to determine whether and when qualifying benefits or whether qualifying expenses were provided or paid ‘out of’ a particular contribution for the purposes of disallowing deductions or allowing previously disallowed deductions. There are special deeming rules.

In determining whether qualifying benefits have been provided or qualifying expenses have been met ‘out of’ the contribution concerned, other receipts and expenses of the EBT are ignored.

Example

Accounting period ended 31/12/2012

1/2/2012 Initial amount settled to create EBT (capital expenditure) £ 1,000
     
2/2/2012 Company contribution to EBT £500,000
1/6/2012 EBT incurs non-qualifying expenditure (£ 5,000)
1/9/2012 EBT receives bank interest £ 10,000
1/12/2012 EBT pays qualifying benefits to employees (£500,000)

The qualifying benefits paid to employees on 1/12/2012 are deemed to have been paid ‘out of’ the £500,000 contributed to the EBT on 2/2/2012.

The other income received by the trustees (£11,000) and the non-qualifying expenses (£5,000) are ignored for this purpose.