Bank loss restriction: targeted anti-avoidance rule: meaning of tax value and non-tax value – tax value examples
Company X has £5m of relevant carried-forward losses in the year ended 31 March 2016 whilst company Y has no carried forward losses. The companies are connected. Both companies anticipate profits of the period of £2m but otherwise do not anticipate being profitable in foreseeable subsequent periods. Company X is a banking company, Company Y is not.
Absent any arrangements, both companies would have had £2m profits. Company X would have relieved 50 percent of these with relevant carried-forward losses leaving taxable profits of £1m. Company Y would have had taxable profits of £2m. Overall the two connected companies have taxable profits of £3m.
The two companies enter an arrangement which increases company X’s profits by £1m and reduces the profits of company Y by £1m.
Company X will now have profits of £3m, 50 percent of which, absent the anti-avoidance rule, it would be able to relieve with carried-forward losses, leaving taxable profits of £1.5m. Company Y will have profits of £1m. Overall the two connected companies would have taxable profits of £2.5m.
The tax on the reduction in profits of £0.5m is therefore the tax advantage.
The facts are as above but company Y is not liable to UK tax.
Absent the arrangements company X would have relieved 50 percent of its £2m of income with carried-forward losses leaving £1m in charge. Company Y would have no profits liable to UK tax, so overall the two connected companies would have taxable profits of £1m.
As a consequence of the arrangements company X now has profits of £3m, 50 percent of which it would anticipate being able to relieve with carried-forward losses, leaving taxable profits of £1.5m. Company Y still has no UK taxable profits so overall the two connected companies would have taxable profits of £1.5m.
As the arrangement has meant that the companies will pay more tax there is no tax advantage.