Section 945: snooker halls and clubs
This publication is intended for Valuation Officers. It may contain links to internal resources that are not available through this version.
This section deals with the valuation of Snooker halls / clubs.
Snooker halls / clubs are found in a variety of premises, often converted from alternative uses, many being situated above secondary shops or in converted cinema premises. They tend to be located in poorer, lower value locations where there may be limited competing demand from alternative uses.
The snooker hall itself may have no natural light and any windows are likely to be covered by heavy curtains or blacked out. There will often be a licensed bar ancillary to the hall, and there may be limited eating or restaurant facilities.
It is unlikely that a snooker club will offer the same range or quality of ancillary facilities as other leisure attractions such as bowling alleys, bingo halls, skating rinks and cinemas, except where the snooker club forms part of a larger leisure complex.
2. List Description & Special Category Code
Special category Code 253 should be used. As a Generalist Class the appropriate suffix letter should be G.
3. Responsible Teams
This is a Generalist Class.
The Class Co-ordination Team has overall responsibility for the co-ordination of these classes. You can find contact details here VP and CCT Members. The team are responsible for the approach to and accuracy and consistency of valuations. The team will deliver Practice Notes describing the valuation basis for revaluation and provide advice as necessary during the life of the rating lists. Caseworkers have a responsibility to:
follow the advice given at all times
not depart from the guidance given on appeals or maintenance work, without approval from the co-ordination team
seek advice from the co-ordination team before starting any new work
5. Legal Framework
Other than planning and adherence to provisions under the Licensing Act 2003 there is no specific legal framework for this class of property.
6. Survey Requirements
Snooker halls and clubs should be measured to Gross Internal Area (GIA) in accordance with the VOA Code of Measuring Practice.
7. Survey Capture
Where appropriate rating surveys should be captured on the Rating Support Application (RSA) and in all cases plans and surveys should be stored in the property folder of the Electronic Document Records Management (EDRM) system.
8. Valuation Approach
Basis of Valuation
Snooker halls and clubs should be valued by using a comparison basis and applying a value/values per square metre.
Due to the type of building and location usually occupied by snooker halls and clubs, there is likely to be few competing higher value alternative uses. Nevertheless regard should be had to any alternative uses identified provided this is consistent with the two limb rule of rebus sic stantibus, as defined in the Court of Appeal decision of Williams (VO) v Scottish and Newcastle Retail Limited and Another (RA/41/2001). This is where any alterations needed to facilitate the alternative use can be viewed as minor, and rental evidence suggests a hypothetical tenant wishing to use the property in the same mode or category as a snooker hall and club would pay a rent at a similar level to that of the alternative use.
Values may vary according to the type of property, for example whether a snooker hall is located above a shop in a secondary shopping location or situated within a former cinema. Valuation judgments on the extent of any difference should be made in the light of evidence from within the Unit or adjoining Units.
Lack of natural light is not necessarily a disadvantage to a snooker hall or club, although it may preclude bids from tenants envisaging alternative uses.
Many snooker halls or clubs will not have private car parking facilities, and thus the absence of parking within the hereditament will be the norm. If car parking is available for sole use of players it should be valued and included in the assessment (if one hereditament). Shared car parking should be reflected in the value per square metre adopted.
The presence, or lack of, on-street parking or public car parks in the vicinity will be reflected in the rental evidence, as may the quality of public transport links. These factors should be taken into account when analysing rents and comparing hereditaments.
9. Valuation Support
Rating Support Application (RSA)
Class Co-ordination Team
Practice note: 2017 - Snooker halls and clubs
1. Market Appraisal
A number of factors have hit UK snooker clubs hard. The smoking ban 2007, by all accounts, has had a negative on business, and recent legislation on the size of the jackpot from gaming machines has left clubs unable to compete with betting shops and casinos.
Coupled with the recession in general, people’s discretionary spending on leisure activities has reduced markedly.
The time when snooker clubs could rely solely on their table takings are long gone. Many have replaced some or all of their snooker tables with pool, which is growing in popularity and is a more of a social game.
Others have installed the likes of darts lanes and bowling alleys where snooker tables once stood. Some clubs have even gone as far as converting snooker rooms into poker clubs. Those clubs that have failed to adapt have unfortunately closed down.
2. Changes From Last Practice Note
There was no Practice Note for the 2010 Revaluation.
3. Ratepayer Discussions
There have been no 2017 List discussions on this class of property.
4. Valuation Scheme
Rental evidence from within Units should be analysed in terms of rent per square metre. This should enable comparison to be made between halls, clubs and similar properties, thus enabling a judgement to be made as to the correct level of value for the differing types of buildings and locations.
Snooker halls and clubs will normally include a licensed bar and may have limited catering/restaurant facilities. Income from the bar may form a significant part of the total income obtainable from the hereditament. Valuers must ensure that the valuation produced adequately reflects the additional income generated.