National standard for driving cars and light vans (category B)

Role 6: Demonstrate developed skills, knowledge and understanding

What you must be able to do and understand to show developed understanding of The Highway Code and roles 1 to 5 of the national standard.

Unit 6.1: Demonstrate developed understanding of The Highway Code and the national standard for driving

There are 2 elements in this unit:


Element 6.1.1: Demonstrate developed understanding of The Highway Code and roles 1 to 5 of the national standard

Performance standards

You must be able to answer questions about:

  • the Highway Code and how to apply its rules
  • the national standard for driving and how to apply its elements

Knowledge and understanding requirements

You must know and understand:

  • the subject areas covered in The Highway Code
  • the rules set out in each section of The Highway Code where failure to comply is a criminal offence
  • the principles of the general guidance given within each section of The Highway Code
  • the subject areas covered in roles 1 to 5 of the national standard
  • the competences that:
    • each of the roles require
    • a safe and responsible driver should be able to demonstrate

Element 6.1.2: Demonstrate developed driving competence

Performance standards

You must be able to:

  • make progress on the road safely and responsibly:
    • while driving a variety of category B vehicles
    • in urban and rural environments
    • on any class of road
    • at various times of day
    • in differing lighting and weather conditions
  • apply a systematic approach to driving to make sure that, at all times, you:
    • are aware of what is happening on the road around you, including behind you
    • respond to all road signs and markings correctly
    • prioritise emerging and actual hazards and plan to deal with them effectively
    • select and maintain a suitable position on the road
    • travel at a suitable speed
    • select the appropriate gear to be able to manoeuvre your vehicle, respond to hazards and minimise the environmental impact of your vehicle
  • give a verbal commentary without reduction in driving competence, about:
    • what you see on the road around you
    • what you understand about the principles of eco-driving
    • how you adjust your driving in response to what you have seen and what you understand
  • maintain appropriate attitudes to all other road users at all times

Knowledge and understanding requirements

You must know and understand:

  • the main differences in set up and technology that are found in category B vehicles
  • how to modify your driving to take into account the differing conditions and hazards that you are likely to find:
    • on different classes of road
    • in different levels of traffic
    • at different times of the day and night
    • in differing lighting and weather conditions
  • how to apply a systematic approach to driving, such as Mirrors, Signal, Manoeuvre – Position, Speed, Look (MSM-PSL)
  • how to balance and combine the demands of safe driving and the principles of eco-responsible driving
  • how to give a simple talk while you’re driving that allows an observer to understand how you:
    • scan your environment
    • plan how to make progress
    • make sure you’re safe
    • minimise the environmental impact of your vehicle
  • how to deal safely and effectively with any negative attitudes and emotions that might be triggered while driving, such as anger at other drivers who you believe are driving dangerously