This analysis provides the numbers of individuals who we estimate are working in 2 or more jobs with individual earnings below the lower earnings limit (LEL), but whose combined earnings are above the LEL and who are not otherwise gaining a qualifying year for State Pension purposes.
It provides data from 1996/97 to 2013/14 to help our understanding of whether the number of individuals in this group has increased or decreased over time.
The lower earnings limit is the level of weekly income at which employees start to pay Class 1 National Insurance contributions.
This publication updates the following previously published analyses:
State Pension coverage: lower earnings limit and multiple jobs (July 2014)
State Pension coverage: lower earnings limit and multiple jobs