This review was undertaken to ensure that distributional impact (DI) appraisal guidance remains a relevant, robust and proportionate part of transport scheme appraisal. The report includes research with users of the guidance and an update of the evidence base. This research ensures that the Department for Transport (DfT) continues to adequately take account of the distributional impacts of transport schemes in its funding decisions. This contributes to the optimal allocation of public funds.
The review makes recommendations on the evidence, usability and impact of DIs.
In terms of evidence, the review’s broad conclusion is that the guidance still reflects the state of the technical and academic literature. It makes, however, some recommendations for updating the guidance.
On usability, the review concludes that the guidance is working reasonably well with users. It includes some suggestions for making it easier to use.
In terms of impact, the review recommends that the department takes steps to reinforce the importance of DIs. It suggests that this should be done through external engagement, and raising visibility of the outputs with decision makers.
We will be using these recommendations to shape our thinking on future DI work.