Research and analysis

Water Framework Directive: an analysis of measurement issues

A scientific review of current state-of-the-art measurement techniques for measuring priority hazardous substances at low concentrations.



This report provides a review of analytical measurement tools available for measuring priority substances and priority hazardous substances at increasingly low concentrations in water bodies. These tools are available to help fulfil requirements outlined in the Water Framework Directive, (WFD Directive 2000/60/EC).

The report highlights the gaps in available methodology and provides guidance on how resources and research can be prioritised to improve methodology which will help with enforcement and monitoring.