Research and analysis

Using biotic ligand models to help implement environmental quality standards for metals under the Water Framework Directive

Accounting for bioavailability in compliance assessment for copper and zinc using biotic ligand models.

Documents

Using biotic ligand models to help implement environmental quality standards for metals under the Water Framework Directive

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Using biotic ligand models to help implement environmental quality standards for metals under the Water Framework Directive- Summary

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Details

The practicalities of using copper and zinc biotic ligand models as well as their applicability to UK conditions are examined; a simplified screening tool is created for copper. A compliance package is proposed that incorporates these models.

Published 1 February 2009