Research and analysis

The patent guide

A handbook on how to analyse and interpret patent data.



The Intellectual Property Office has produced this handbook to improve shared understanding between patent experts and those undertaking or using patent research. Topics include:

  • patents as a proxy for innovation
  • nationality
  • citations
  • claims
  • patent families *
  • patent classification *
  • patent quality
  • the value of patents

*These topics were added in the second edition.

Published 25 February 2015
Last updated 28 September 2015 + show all updates
  1. New topics have been included for patent families, patent classification and new updated PDF has been published.
  2. First published.