Policy paper

The economics of waste and waste policy

This publication was published under the 2010 to 2015 Conservative and Liberal Democrat coalition government

This paper sets out the key principles for public policy interventions in waste.



Waste is part of the economy - it is a by-product of economic activity, by businesses, government and households. Waste is also an input to economic activity - whether through material or energy recovery.

The management of that waste  has economic implications - for productivity, government expenditure, and, of course, the environment.

Further information