Research and analysis

Skills and lifelong learning: low skills traps

A review of low skills equilibria, potential solutions and suggested policy directions.


Skills and lifelong learning: low skills traps

This file may not be suitable for users of assistive technology.

Request an accessible format.
If you use assistive technology (such as a screen reader) and need a version of this document in a more accessible format, please email Please tell us what format you need. It will help us if you say what assistive technology you use.


This essay explores:

  • factors contributing to low skills equilibria
  • solutions relating to the supply and demand of skills
  • other solutions beyond skills policy

It was commissioned as part of the Foresight Future of skills and lifelong learning project.

Published 23 February 2017