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The objectives of this research are to:
identify, review and assess non-pain restraint techniques employed in different institutional settings across different countries (including England and Wales), and their effectiveness
assess the feasibility of implementing similar restraint techniques from other countries and settings within the under-18 secure estate in England and Wales
Dr Colin Dale, Caring Solutions (UK) Ltd;
Professor Joy Duxbury, University of Central Lancashire;
Dr Gill Thomson, University of Central Lancashire;
Fran Aiken, Caring Solutions (UK) Ltd;
Maggie Clifton, Caring Solutions (UK) Ltd;
Tom Swan, Caring Solutions (UK) Ltd.