Surveying Prisoner Crime Reduction (SPCR), a longitudinal cohort study of adult prisoners sentenced to between one month and four years in England and Wales in 2005 and 2006.
The factors associated with proven re-offending following release from prison: findings from Waves 1 to 3 of SPCR
This study looked at risk factors before prison, experiences of prison, and outcomes on release amongst a sub-sample of SPCR which was matched to the Police National Computer (PNC). Associations between these factors and proven re-offending one and two years after release from prison were identified. These included pre-custody factors such as: employment and accommodation status; drug use; and criminal history. They also included experiences of prison: being worried/confused; attending paid work; prison punishments; contact with family; and prison interventions. Post-release outcomes such as employment and accommodation status and drug use were also explored. All the risk factors were entered into a model to test for independent associations with re-offending. Factors remaining in the model included criminal history, employment and accommodation status before custody, being worried/confused about prison, receiving additional punishments, and reporting using Class A drugs after release.