Joint Implementation (JI) is a mechanism, defined in Article 6 of the Kyoto Protocol, which allows a country with an emission reduction or limitation commitment under the Kyoto Protocol (Annex B Party) to earn emission reduction credits, referred to as Emissions Reduction Units (ERU), each equivalent to one tonne of CO2. These ERUs can be traded and sold, and used by industrialized countries to a meet a part of their emission reduction targets under the Kyoto Protocol. Joint implementation offers Parties a flexible and cost-efficient means of fulfilling a part of their Kyoto commitments, while the host Party benefits from foreign investment and technology transfer.
A designated focal point (DFP) is the organization granted responsibility by a Party to the Kyoto Protocol to authorise and approve participation in JI projects. DFP project approval is just one of the steps required of JI projects in the project cycle. For further information on the JI process please refer to the UNFCCC JI website.
Since June 1, 2011 the Environment Agency has served as the UK’s DFP for JI and issues the letters of approval for voluntary participation in the scheme. The Government does not approve JI projects hosted in the UK, but can issue letters of approval to UK companies wishing to participate in JI projects overseas.
Guidance documents linked to this page apply to the UK approval and authorisation of JI projects under Article 6 of the Kyoto Protocol and which occur in countries other than the UK (the Government is not currently approving JI projects hosted in the UK). For further UK guidance on JI project development please refer to the Environment Agency’s JI webpage.