Research and analysis

Local perspectives in Ending Gang and Youth Violence areas: perceptions of the nature of urban street gangs

This report examines the perceived changes in the nature of street gangs across the original 33 Ending Gang and Youth Violence areas.



The key findings from this research suggest the nature of gangs appears to be changing, with 70% of practitioners perceiving some level of change in the years prior to the research being carried out. Areas of perceived changes were:

  • gangs were generally thought to be less visible (e.g. spending less time on the street and conducting criminal activities more covertly)
  • some gangs were becoming more like (or linked to) organised crime groups
  • practitioners were increasingly concerned about young people being used to transport and sell drugs, and the sexual exploitation of women and girls