Research and analysis

Higher education qualifications: returns and benefits

Report analysing the economic benefits associated with higher education qualifications. BIS research paper number 45.



This research establishes the impact of higher education qualifications on earnings and employment outcomes (for men and women separately). It considers the returns associated with undergraduate degrees by grade of degree, subject of study and single subject versus combined degrees. It also covers the returns associated with postgraduate degree level qualifications and other sub-degree level qualifications. The underlying data for this publication is also available in a machine processable format on