Research and analysis

Future of cities: ecosystem services

Report looking at the interactions of cities with natural ecosystems and the 'services' they provide.



Cities are dependent on ‘services’ provided by the natural environment; everything from food and water to recreation and climate regulation. This paper explores the interactions of UK cities with these ecosystems services, with a particular focus on the future.

The working paper was commissioned as part of the Foresight future of cities project.

Published 23 October 2015