Research and analysis

Economic estimate of BAME net overrepresentation in CJS in 2015

David Lammy MP’s review of the criminal justice system (CJS) to investigate evidence of possible bias against defendants who are BAME, including associated costs.

Documents

An exploratory estimate of the economic cost of BAME net overrepresentation in the CJS in 2015

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Details

In 2016, the former Prime Minister invited David Lammy MP to lead a review of CJS in England and Wales to investigate evidence of possible bias against defendants who are BAME.

This short summary of economic analysis is intended to inform discussions around the wider Lammy Review and highlight particular areas of CJS in 2015, where there was observed net overrepresentation of BAME defendants/offenders, relative to the general population. This analysis does not make recommendations regarding how the Ministry of Justice (MOJ) could change behaviour or make policy changes to realise estimated savings.

Lammy Review: Final report

Published 8 September 2017