Research and analysis

Material comparators to assist in an end-of-waste assessment

A series of research reports to characterise 15 non-waste materials as comparators for waste-derived materials

Documents

Material comparators for end of waste decisions: summary

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A waste comparator tool to support end-of-waste applications: guide

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Waste comparator tool

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Material comparators for materials applied to land: PAS100 compost

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Material comparators for materials applied to land: soil improver

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Material comparators for materials applied to land: peat

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Material comparators for materials applied to land: straw

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Material comparators for materials applied to land: non-waste wood

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Material comparators for materials applied to land: non-waste biochar

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Material comparators for fuels: biomass

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Material comparators for fuels: charcoal

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Material comparators for fuels: coal

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Material comparators for construction materials: concrete blocks

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Material comparators for construction materials: natural limestone aggregate

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Material comparators for construction materials: non-waste wood

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Material comparators for animal bedding: straw

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Material comparators for materials applied to land: manufactured fertilisers

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Material comparators for Fuels: natural gas

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Details

This series of reports details the findings of research to characterise 15 non-waste material types as comparators for waste-derived materials intended to be a replacement for the comparator material.

The Waste Framework Directive (Article 6) provides criteria for identifying when a waste material has become a product and no longer needs to be regulated as a waste. The directive requires us to consider the environmental and human health impacts from materials in comparison with their non-waste material alternatives.

The information presented in these reports will inform decisions by the Environment Agency and others working in waste management about end-of-waste assessments. The data on physical properties and chemical analyses can be used by companies and individuals to assist in the process of applying for end-of-waste status for their products, either by confirming their product’s comparable composition or identifying problems to be rectified before such status can be achieved.

The waste comparator tool contains all the data from the waste comparator reports. It allows you to compare your product with a comparator material, and the reports from the tool can form part of your end-of-waste submission.

Published 28 May 2014
Last updated 12 August 2016 + show all updates
  1. Additional waste materials have been added, along with a tool and user guide
  2. We have updated this project with 8 additional product comparators, including an updated summary
  3. First published.