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This publication is available at https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/air-passenger-duty-rates-from-1-april-2020-to-31-march-2021/air-passenger-duty-rates-from-1-april-2020-to-31-march-2021
Who is likely to be affected
Airlines and other aircraft operators, and their passengers.
General description of the measure
The long haul rates of Air Passenger Duty (APD) for the tax year 2020 to 2021 will increase in line with the retail price index (RPI) as forecast at Autumn Budget 2018. Short haul rates will not rise.
This measure increases APD rates in line with RPI, constituting a real terms freeze. This contributes towards the government’s public finances.
Background to the measure
This measure was announced at Budget 2018.
The rates for the tax year 2020 to 2021 are being announced at Autumn Budget 2018 to give industry sufficient advance notice of changes in APD rates.
The rates for the tax year 2020 to 2021 will have effect in relation to the carriage of chargeable passengers on or after 1 April 2020.
Section 30 of Finance Act (FA) 1994 sets out the rates of APD.
Legislation will be introduced in Finance Bill 2018-19 to amend section 30 of FA1994. The rates will be as follows:
From 1 April 2020
|Bands (distance in miles from London)||Reduced rate (lowest class of travel)||Standard rate (1) (other than the lowest class of travel)||Higher rate (2)|
|Band A (0 – 2000 miles)||£13||£26||£78|
|Band B (over 2000 miles)||£80||£176||£528|
(1) If any class of travel provides a seat pitch in excess of 1.016 metres (40 inches) the standard rate is the minimum rate that applies.
(2) The higher rate applies to flights aboard aircraft of 20 tonnes and above with fewer than 19 seats.
Summary of impacts
Exchequer impact (£m)
|2018 to 2019||2019 to 2020||2020 to 2021||2021 to 2022||2022 to 2023||2023 to 2024|
This measure is not expected to have an Exchequer impact.
This measure is not expected to have any significant economic impacts.
Impact on individuals, households and families
This measure will impact on some individuals, households and families who travel by air. There is no impact on the majority of passengers who travel to short haul destinations. Those who travel to long haul destinations may see an increase in price. The increase is in line with RPI, constituting a real terms freeze.
The measure is not expected to impact on family formation, stability or breakdown.
This measure will impact on those who travel more by air. Some people with protected characteristics are likely to be over-represented in the class of people who travel by this means.
Impact on business including civil society organisations
This measure is expected to have a negligible impact on approximately 800 airlines and aircraft operators. One-off costs include familiarisation with the new rates and updating systems to include the new rates. It is not expected that there will be any ongoing costs.
There is no impact on civil society organisations.
Operational impact (£m) (HMRC or other)
Costs to HMRC of implementing this change are expected to be negligible.
Other impacts have been considered and none have been identified.
Monitoring and evaluation
The measure will be monitored through information collected from receipts and APD returns.
If you have any questions about this change, contact Ann Little on Telephone: 03000 586 096 or email: email@example.com.