Consultation outcome

Electronic balloting for industrial action: Knight review - call for evidence

This consultation has concluded

Detail of outcome

On the basis of the responses and other supporting evidence, Sir Ken Knight recommends a test of e-balloting in non-statutory contexts. The government will now carefully consider Sir Ken’s recommendations and will consult with experts from relevant organizations before responding.

Detail of feedback received

There were 34 responses to the call for evidence. The respondents represented a wide range of interested parties, including:

  • trade unions
  • business representatives
  • individual businesses
  • academics
  • technology providers
  • scrutineers

Original consultation


Call for evidence for an independent review of electronic balloting for trade union industrial action ballots.

This consultation ran from

Consultation description

This consultation sets out the background to Sir Ken Knight’s independent review of electronic balloting and calls for evidence in support of it.

In the weeks up to the general election we are unable to promote the call for evidence, in line with the guidance for civil servants. We are therefore extending the deadline for responses from 10 May to 14 July 2017.


Electronic balloting review: independent review of electronic balloting for industrial action: call for evidence

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Published 1 March 2017
Last updated 18 December 2017 + show all updates
  1. Outcome and final report of the independent review published.
  2. First published.