Case study

Divers take the plunge in spent fuel pond

A trial has demonstrated the specialist divers can successfully retrieve the contents of spent nuclear fuel ponds.

Divers have been cutting up waste in the fuel storage pond at Dungeness A

Divers have been cutting up waste in the fuel storage pond at Dungeness A


Retrieve pond contents effectively while minimising potential worker dose


Test process established in the US, using underwater divers with view to full deployment


Divers working in fuel storage ponds.


Fully protected divers can work under water to retrieve and cut up items, minimising worker dose while speeding up decommissioning and reducing costs.


In a trial at Dungeness A spent fuel pond, divers have been cutting up items before retrieving the contents from deep below the water’s surface.

The radiation shielding provided by water enables divers to work near empty fuel storage skips, sludge and equipment, gaining access to awkward areas. Fuel skips are now being cut up under water and sludge cleaned up.

The conventional approach would be to deploy remotely operated equipment to retrieve the intact skips from the ponds and subsequently cut them up in air. However, this is a slow process that can expose workers to potentially higher doses.

A range of measures were needed to prepare for the dives, including the installation of a platform with ladders, electrical arrangements, cranes to receive and move retrieved packages, rigorous dose monitoring equipment, as well as agreement from the Office for Nuclear Regulation (ONR).

Extensive checks and monitoring are needed for the dive team
Extensive checks and monitoring are needed for the dive team

The specialist divers wear full protective gear with breathing apparatus and are carefully guided while under water. Even with the water shielding, high-dose items must still be dealt with from a distance.

The trial has demonstrated that the new approach reduces dosage to workers, while enabling faster, more productive removal of the pond’s contents.

Diving is used more widely in the US nuclear industry, but the Dungeness project is one of the UK’s first extensive deployments in a spent fuel pond. After the success of the trial, and subject to agreement from regulators, it is planned to use divers at Sizewell A and Oldbury, where the learning from Dungeness can benefit their pond decommissioning.


Successful demonstration of process, to be extended to other Magnox ponds.

Research organisations

Innovation route

New approach brought in by US specialist Fluor, one of the parent body organisation partners for Magnox Ltd.

Published 4 November 2016