1. Overview

A director’s loan is when you (or other close family members) get money from your company that isn’t:

  • a salary, dividend or expense repayment
  • money you’ve previously paid into or loaned the company

Records you must keep

You must keep a record of any money you borrow from or pay into the company - this record is usually known as a ‘director’s loan account’.

At the end of your company’s financial year

Include any money you owe the company or the company owes you on the ‘balance sheet’ in your annual accounts.

Tax on loans

You may have to pay tax on director’s loans. Your company may also have to pay tax if you’re a shareholder (sometimes called a ‘participator’) as well as a director.

Your personal and company tax responsibilities depend on whether the director’s loan account is: