This report presents initial findings from the second round of data
collection in Peru between late 2006 and early 2007. It provides a broad
outline of key child poverty indicators, as well as changes that have
taken place since the first round of research in 2002.
Although the economic and policy context in Peru has become more
favourable - following recent economic growth and increased awareness of
the importance of early childhood -inequalities between different groups
The findings show that rural and ethnic minority children are more
likely to experience poorer nutrition and educational outcomes, and have
lower levels of access to electricity, safe water and sanitation
facilities. The data also show how such inequalities interrelate, for
example, poor access to services appears to influence nutritional
patterns of stunting and being underweight. Interestingly, urban
children report higher levels of subjective wellbeing than their rural
counterparts, and ethnic minority children lower levels, perhaps due to
perceptions of discrimination.
Evidence of gender inequalities is also found with faltering growth and
lower levels of pre-school enrolment among girls, especially in rural
areas. Primary school enrolment is more equal but boys are already at an
advantage in learning and making the transition to school, following
their time at pre-school. Similarly, differences in nutritional status
between urban and rural children seem to be defined in the early stages
of life. All these findings underline the importance of investing in
Future Young Lives research will continue to investigate the
inequalities in Peru with particular reference to socio-economic status,
the urban-rural divide, gender and ethnicity. It is hoped that empirical
evidence of this kind will play a greater role in shaping child-related
policies in future.
Young Lives, Department of International Development at the University of Oxford, UK, ISBN: 978-1-904427-38-4, ix + 78 pp.
Young Lives Country Report. Young Lives: Peru Round 2 Survey.