The report is structured in four parts. The first puts forward a general characterization of the water supply systems in the lower-income communities of the PUI-Tuy. Then the most important features of the selected communities and the specificities of the water supply systems in each of them are described. In the third part these systems' impacts on lower-income households' livelihood strategies are analysed in terms of both economic level and household organization, focusing on the differences between women and men. The following part offers an analysis of water as a collective problem and the role played by the community organizations in seeking and obtaining service. Particular attention is given to the experiences of the new organizations, the 'technical water boards', examining the difficulties of creating them in one of the selected communities and the obstacles they must confront to continue operating in the other one. To
evaluate the technical water boards in operation, a case which reveals these
organizations' benefits and constraints is focused upon. The report concludes with some final thoughts on water supply systems and their impacts on household livelihood strategies, and then some important factors to consider from the participatory governance perspective are identified.
This report is also available from The Development Planning Unit website and can be downloaded as the full report, the report without maps, the appendix with maps only, or an executive summary.
Cariola, C.; Lacabana, M. WSS Practices and Living Conditions in the Peri-Urban Interface of Metropolitan Caracas: the Cases of Bachaquero and Paso Real. (2005)