After introductory sections, the main part of this set of proceedings consists of 15 papers in from the 5 scientific sessions of the workshop. These sessions are as follows: 1) The social context of HIV in India: demographic information about the population fertility context and AIDS knowledge (papers on 'Women and HIV/AIDS in India' and 'Information gained from the Indian Behavioral Surveillance Survey (BSS)'); 2) Ethical challenges in HIV prevention research. ('Overview of research ethics in HIV prevention trials', 'Standard of care and lessons learnt from recent clinical trials' and 'Need for understanding the concerns of women participating in a trial: Perspectives of women participating in AZT feasibility study'); 3) Methodologies for studying sexual behaviour; how to obtain reliable and valid information ('How many participants are needed for clinical trials and how long does the study need to be?'; 'Increasing the accuracy of sexual behaviour and adherence data', 'Experience of computer assisted data collection (ACASI)', and 'Understanding EMIC perspectives); 4) Community preparedness and mobilization strategies for HIV prevention ('Overview of community liaison processes', 'Community involvement and education in Phase I AIDS vaccine clinical trial' and 'Acceptability of microbicides: experience from India'); and 5) Strategies and models for recruitment and retention of study volunteers for clinical trials addressing HIV prevention ('Working with participants in a rural setting', 'Recruiting volunteers in Phase I and II vaginal microbicide trials in India' and 'Behavioral and Social Science Research in Support of Phase III Microbicide'). The closing pages include a brief account of the recoomendeations of the 3 working groups on 'Understanding sexual behaviour and norms', 'Community preparedness and mobilisation' and 'acceptability and continued utilization of microbicides'.
Workshop on Socio-Behavioural Aspects of Microbicide Trials for HIV Prevention, organised jointly by the Indian Council of Medical Research, New Delhi, and the Microbicides Development Programme, UK, and held in New Delhi, India, December 5-6, 2005.