Highlights from this research:
Measurement of women’s empowerment is contested and debated.
Measurement validation of DHS data shows 3 domains of women’s empowerment.
Domains include human and social assets, gendered beliefs, and decision-making.
Country comparison is possible with this validated, measurement invariant scale.
This work was supported by the ‘Innovative Methods and Metrics for Agriculture-Nutrition Actions’ (IMMANA) programme which is funded by UK Department for International Development.
Stephanie Spaid Miedema, Regine Haardörfer, Amy Webb Girard, Kathryn M. Yount, Women’s empowerment in East Africa: Development of a cross-country comparable measure, World Development, Volume 110, 2018,
Pages 453-464, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.worlddev.2018.05.031.
Women’s empowerment in East Africa: Development of a cross-country comparable measure