This study (http://www.sussex.ac.uk/wphegt) addressed international
policy agendas for the Millennium Development Goals, poverty alleviation
and revitalisation of higher education in Sub-Saharan Africa.
It aimed to illuminate the effectiveness of widening participation
policies in higher education in relation to gender, socio-economic
status (SES) and age. It investigated which groups are entering higher
education in Ghana and Tanzania, and how different social groups fared
in terms of retention, achievement, and experiences of higher education.
The project gathered qualitative data from interviews with 200 students,
200 academic staff and policymakers and quantitative data on access,
retention and achievement in relation to four programmes of study in two
universities (one public and one private) in each country. Quantitative
data were presented in Equity Scorecards. The mixed methods approach
aimed to strengthen the evidence base for policy monitoring.
- Most programmes enrolled low numbers of low SES students.
- Women were in the minority in science programmes - despite evidence of
- The numbers of mature students were very low except on certain
programmes e.g. Education.
- Mature low SES students, mature women and low SES women were
underrepresented in all programmes. However, once entered, low SES
students performed as well as, and sometimes better than, other
- The group most at risk of dropout was mature students.
- In both countries, private universities admitted a higher proportion
of women than public universities.
- Poor quality teaching, resources, and assessment were widely reported.
However, many students reported the transformational impact that
higher education had on their lives.
Morley, L.; Leach, F. Widening Participation in Higher Education in Ghana and Tanzania: Developing an Equity Scorecard. ESRC End of Award Report, RES-167-25-0078. ESRC, Swindon, UK (2010) 11 pp.
Widening Participation in Higher Education in Ghana and Tanzania: Developing an Equity Scorecard. ESRC End of Award Report, RES-167-25-0078.