This presentation outlines progress in learning of Grade 5 pupils in mathematics and Vietnamese in different regions of Vietnam. 'Value-added' is defined as \"Learning progress attributable to schools and teachers after removing prior attainment and background effects\".
Rolleston, C. Who Benefits from Value-Added? School Effectiveness in Vietnam. Presented at UKFIET Conference, Oxford, UK, 10-12 September 2013. (2013) 23 pp.