This study assesses the evidence base for how natural disasters affect
conflict, how conflict affects natural disasters, and how people living
in complex environments are affected by multiple risks. It also
considers what can be learned from current practices to improve conflict
prevention, statebuilding and disaster risk management in ways that help
The report is structured as follows: Section 1 is the introduction.
Section 2 reviews the scale of the challenge by examining the extent to
which conflict and natural disasters overlap and which countries are of
most concern now and in the future. Section 3 looks at the evidence for
how natural disasters affect conflict and fragility, before Section 4
examines the complementary question of how conflict and fragility affect
resilience to natural disasters. Section 5 explores how the
disaster–conflict interface might be understood conceptually and how the
relationship between disaster risk management and conflict prevention
might be strengthened. Section 6 reviews current practices and includes
a set of case studies, and section 7 outlines recommendations for
strengthening international policy, programming and finance and the
current evidence base.
Examples are provided in the report of disaster risk reduction in
Afghanistan, resilience building in the Sahel region, community based
risk reduction in Karamoja and national risk reduction in Nepal.
Harris, K.; Keen, D.; Mitchell, T. When disasters and conflicts collide: Improving links between disaster resilience andconflict prevention. Overseas Development Institute, London, UK (2013) x + 54 pp.
When disasters and conflicts collide: Improving links between disaster resilience and conflict prevention.