Individuals and organizations responding to humanitarian crises recognize the need to improve urban emergency response and preparedness - including the need to devise better methods for assessing vulnerability within urban populations. This systematic review represents the first ever attempt to systematically search, sort and synthesize the existing evidence in order to consolidate findings on the tools, methods and metrics used to identify and prioritize vulnerable people, households and communities, including those displaced within and to urban areas.
The review was carried out by a team from Stanford University, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Norwegian Refugee Council and University of New South Wales.
It is accompanied by an Evidence brief: What practices are used to identify and prioritize vulnerable populations affected by urban humanitarian emergencies? (Oxfam GB, 2017, 7p) The brief summarises key findings in response to the research question identified, indicates the country contexts from which evidence is drawn, outlines the methodology, highlights research gaps and provides references to the original literature.
This research was funded by UK Department for International Development through the Humanitarian Innovation and Evidence Programme. It forms part of a series of humanitarian evidence syntheses and systematic reviews
Patel, R.B., King, J., Phelps, L. and Sanderson, D. (2017). What practices are used to identify and prioritize vulnerable populations affected by urban humanitarian emergencies? A systematic review. Humanitarian Evidence Programme. Oxford: Oxfam GB, 50p