This systematic review identifies and maps the international literature
providing evidence on the impact of employment creation on (i) stability
and (ii) poverty in fragile states.
Only seven studies meeting the inclusion criteria (providing primary
evidence on the impact of employment creation on poverty or stability)
were identified through the systematic review process. These studies all
concerned programmes which directly created short-term/emergency
employment, six examining the impact on poverty, and one on stability.
These studies adopted a range of quantitative and qualitative
methodologies. No studies were identified providing empirical evidence
on the impact of job creation resulting from either enabling
macro-policies, or interventions to promote self-employment. The
extremely limited number of studies meeting the inclusion criteria, the
inconsistent methodologies adopted, and the diversity of contexts,
interventions and outcomes precluded an aggregative synthesis (including
a statistical meta-analysis).
The key conclusion drawn in the systematic review is that there is a
significant research gap in terms of studies providing empirical
evidence on the impacts of employment creation interventions on poverty
and stability in fragile states.
The structure of the report is as follows: Section 2 provides the
background to this review, discussing previous research and the policy
and practice background in the area of employment creation in fragile
states. The specific objectives of the review are outlined and the
elements of a systematic review question – intervention, population and
outcome – as they relate to this question are discussed in detail.
Section 3 discusses the methodology adopted, including how studies were
identified and described. Section 4 describes the search results, and
sets out the research findings. Section 5 discusses the review and its
implications, and conclusions are presented in Section 6.
There is a protocol for this systematic review
Holmes, R.; McCord, A.; Hagen-Zanker, J.; Bergh, G.; Zanker, F. What is the evidence on the impact of employment creation on stability and poverty reduction in fragile states. A systematic review. Overseas Development Institute (ODI), London, UK (2013) vi + 95 pp.