WASH interventions in disease outbreak response: An evidence synthesis and evidence brief

Evidence synthesis and brief on water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) interventions in disease outbreak response


Water, sanitation and hygiene interventions (WASH) are commonly implemented as part of emergency response activities (i.e. in response to disease outbreaks) in low and middle-income countries. But what does the existing evidence tell us about what works? How does the use of WASH interventions reduce disease outbreaks? What are the programme design and implementation characteristics associated with more effective programmes? What is the cost effectiveness of WASH interventions in emergency outbreak situations? What are the barriers and facilitators to WASH interventions in outbreaks?

This evidence synthesis was carried out by a team from the Civil and Environmental Engineering Department of Tufts University.

It is accompanied by an Evidence Brief: WASH interventions in disease outbreak response. (Oxfam GB, 2017, 8p). This brief summarizes key findings, indicates the country contexts from which evidence is drawn, outlines the methodology, highlights research gaps and provides references to the original literature.

This research was funded by UK Department for International Development through the Humanitarian Innovation and Evidence Programme. It forms part of a series of humanitarian evidence syntheses and systematic reviews


Yates, T., Allen, J., Leandre Joseph, M. and Lantagne, D. (2017). WASH interventions in disease outbreak response. Humanitarian Evidence Programme. Oxford: Oxfam GB, 88p

WASH interventions in disease outbreak response: An evidence synthesis

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