The 2011 famine and 2016 severe drought conditions in Somalia drew the attention of development actors to issues and options for addressing recurrent shocks and the roles that different actors can play.
This study summarises the key lessons drawn from examining how different people responded to, and survived the recurrent shocks during the 2011–2016 period; the drivers of marginalisation or exclusion and how these are maintained; the influence that external actors had on the coping strategies used by different communities; and, the apparent effectiveness of chosen strategies. The study sought to understand how livelihood and coping strategies are changing as a result of the frequency and severity of local conditions in Somalia, and local community perspectives on vulnerability and livelihood objectives. It also explored how access to aid and other external resources influenced livelihood and coping strategies, and how local communities’ resilience and livelihood strategies related to the objectives and practices of humanitarian agencies.
Development Initiatives conducted this study with Somali Institute for Development and Research (SIDRA).
There is a research report and a briefing note
Charles Lwanga-Ntale and Boniface Owino (2019) Towards an improved understanding of vulnerability and resilience in Somalia: Report. Development Initiatives
Charles Lwanga-Ntale and Boniface Owino (2019) Recommendations for managing recurrent disaster-related shocks and supporting resilience options in Somali: Briefing. Development Initiatives
Towards an improved understanding of vulnerability and resilience in Somalia: Report
Recommendations for managing recurrent disaster-related shocks and supporting resilience options in Somali: Briefing