Results from a nationwide field experiment during the 2007 elections in Nigeria reveal that a range of dirty tactics, some illegal, were used by both government and opposition politicians. The tactics used differed depending on the situation of the politicians. Using violence to intimidate voters was the strategy used by the opposition politicians. Incumbent politicians tended to use vote buying and fraud. This Briefing reports on strategies developed by ActionAid International Nigeria (AAIN) to counteract the use of violence to intimidate voters.
CSAE Economics Department, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK. iiG Briefing Paper 06, 3 pp.
Votes and violence in Nigeria