This paper investigates the advantages and disadvantages of NGO as opposed to track one or official state-led peacebuilding. Drawing on empirical research into the Kumasi Peace Process of the mid-1990s, which followed a large-scale inter-ethnic conflict in Ghana’s Northern Region, it presents three key findings. Firstly it shows how the nature of the war, and how it was ended, shaped the peace that was built. Secondly, it outlines in what ways and by whom the peace process can be seen as a success, from the perspectives of its beneficiaries and its detractors. Finally, it demonstrates how the contingent nature of peacebuilding must be harnessed if negotiated peace processes are to leave a lasting positive impact.
CRISE Working Paper No. 68, 40 pp.