What do we know about prevalence, drivers and perpetrators of violence against women and girls in Haiti, in both rural and urban areas? (Note any available information about trends in violence following natural disasters and other emergencies). What organisations are working to reduce women and girls’ vulnerability to violence in Haiti? Please summarise their principal programmes and projects.
No official government statistics are available on the prevalence of violence against women and girls in Haiti. Experts acknowledge that reports by non-governmental organisations and small-scale, isolated surveys reveal only a partial picture. Moreover, much of the available analysis is focused on urban areas, and in particular Port-au-Prince; fewer studies document the incidence of domestic violence in rural areas. Available evidence suggests a significant portion of victims of sexual violence in Haiti are children and minors. Criminals and family members are among the more commonly-cited perpetrators, although there are conflicting reports on the likelihood of perpetrators being known to women.
Incidence of violence against women was high in the pre-earthquake period, but there is widespread consensus that it has increased since. This correlates with the insecurity, displacement, poverty, lack of adequate access to basic resources, and loss of livelihoods associated with the disaster. The post-earthquake period has also been linked with a rise in the number of women and girls engaging in sex work. However, some experts caution that although violence against women is widespread, its prevalence has been sensationalised and overstated in the news media, and in some cases the ‘victimisation’ of women has been used by organisations to gain access to aid funding.
Mcloughlin, C.; Cooley, L. Violence against women and girls in Haiti (GSDRC Helpdesk Research Report). Governance and Social Development Resource Centre, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK (2013) 19 pp.