The major objective of the study reported here was to examine how well the All India Coordinated Crop Improvement Projects (AICCIP) crop breeding programmes meet the needs of rainfed farming systems. We conclude that there is a low adoption ceiling of high yielding varieties (HYVs) in more marginal areas, and the low-resource farmers of those areas are not being properly served by the present Indian system of AICCIPs. Old cultivars continue to occupy large areas because of poor popularisation or non-existence of better alternatives. The multilocational trial system of the AICCIPs is biased towards high-input situations and does not select for specific adaptation to low-input conditions. Modifications in the present varietal testing and release system have been proposed that involve greater participation of farmers and extension workers. The linkages that need improvement in a more participatory system have been specified.
Virk, D.S.; Witcombe, J.R.; Packwood, A.J. Varietal Testing and Popularisation and Research Linkages. (1995)