Molecular epidemiology is the using of molecular techniques to study bacterial distribution in human populations. Recently molecular epidemiologist benefit from several techniques such as Variable Number Tandem Repeat (VNTR) typing method to typing bacterial strains. Variable Number Tandem Repeat (VNTR) typing is a tool for genotyping and provides data in a simple and numeric format based on the number of repetitive sequences. VNTR for first time identified in M. tuberculosis as Mycobacterial Interspersed Repeat Units (MIRUs). General terms of VNTR have now been reported in Bacillus anthracis, Legionella pneumophila, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Salmonella enterica and Escherichia coli O157.
Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences (2007) 10 (16) 2612-2621[DOI: 10.3923/pjbs.2007.2612.2621]